Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Parliamentary System of Government

Elections are probably one of the most important manifestations of democracy in a nation. It is the time when people can practice their right to choose leaders who will govern their country. Countries around the world, however, differ in how to hold elections - depending most of the time on the kind of government system a country has.

One of the interesting systems of government that we have nowadays is the Parliamentary System of government. In a parliamentary setup, there exists the presence of a prime minister and a president - both different individuals with respective functions in governance. The prime minister is being considered as the head of the government, while the president is the head of the state. Experts in the field of politics regarded the parliamentary system as something considerably practical in terms of passage of laws that, in effect, can contribute to the further development of nation. Despite this thought, however, it is still believed that culture and history of a nation serves as gauge on what kind of government system it is effective the most - such as, there are countries born for democracy or for a parliamentary government, while there are those basically born to be a communist state.

The reason why some political scientists view parliamentary as one effective tool for governance is that its legislative and executive branches are intertwined with each other. Although the executive and legislative are two different functioning parties in a government, in a parliamentary system, both, in a way, can influence each other depending on which parties have the most number of seats in the legislature. Accordingly, it is the executive branch that is dependent on the legislative; unlike in a presidential system wherein the executive is usually being chosen independently from the legislative. Furthermore, in a parliamentary setup, power is more divided and distributed in comparison to the presidential system wherein the power to govern is dominantly practice solely by the president alone. It can also be deemed that in parliamentary government, the voting for a party is more important than voting for a particular candidate or person. Unlike in the presidential system wherein the president is chosen by the electorate or public through elections, the prime minister in a parliamentary system is usually elected by the legislature; hence, the ruling party usually has the biggest advantage.

Some of the countries nowadays that observe a parliamentary system of government includes Albania, New Zealand, Israel, Greece, Hungary, Denmark, Lebanon, Nepal, Bulgaria, Singapore, Sweden, Iceland, Finland, Estonia, Turkey, Portugal, Norway and Vietnam.

In hindsight, it should be taken into consideration that above everything else, what is important in a political system of every nation is that the electorate or the public gets to participate in how the country is being governed by giving them voice on who and what kind of leaders they want to have. Regardless of whether it is an authoritarian or presidential form of government, or a parliamentary for that - what is essential is that the general public is part of the government, and that they are not living in isolation in their own country. Furthermore, government leaders should, in a way, rule the nation to make it better as a whole rather than his vested interest.

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